Ceglie Messapica stands on a messapian site, originally named Caelia (which means in Latin " sacred place ") or Caelium (as reported by Pliny). Its geographical location made Caelia one of the most important settlements from a strategic point of view, as evidenced by the role of leader in the battle against Taranto. Battle for the city that had a disastrous outcome because it was defeated and then conquered. Caelia was the seat of relevant religious buildings, the importance of which continued even in Roman times. As the history of the province, with the fall of the Roman Empire, the city was prey to several conquerors: Goths, Lombards, Visigoths, Aragons and Angevins. At the end of the thirteenth century the estate was given as dowry by Charles II of Anjou to his daughter Eleanor, who married Baron Philippe of Tuzziaco. Then the feud was transferred to the diocesan curia of Brindisi, which sold it to the Dukes of Sanseverino, up to pass into the hands of the family of Sisto1- Pritto. The countryside of Ceglie is extremely varied: olive trees, glades planted with wheat or leave grazing, small forests of oaks, fruit trees, stone walls, pine forests and vineyards.