Fasano was, likely, founded by people from the neighbouring Egnatia, in search of a new territory, after the destruction of their city. The origin of the name is uncertain, although there are several hypotheses about it, according to which the name derives from Fagiano (a bird) or Faggio (a tree). The first mention of the city dates back to 1000, when it was mentioned in some documents. Fasano began as a country house, whose destiny was common to many other towns of the province: foreign domination (Spanish and French), as well as a bitter dispute between supporters of the republic and supporters of the Bourbons. The territory of Fasano is characterized by a large and airy countryside with large olive trees. The seaside district of Torre Canne, is characterized by long stretches of sandy beaches, reed beds and wetlands.