Carovigno was located on the old territory of Messapian Karbina, whose name derives from the Greek " Carpina ", which means " fruitful ." The Messapian architecture is to be traced in the necropolis and gaps in traces of the old wall. Carovigno was an economically prosperous city during the Roman era, remaining loyal to the Empire during the war against Hannibal. Just as it did for most of the other nearby settlements, with the fall of the Romans, Carovigno was subject to numerous foreign rulers: Visigoths , Byzantines, Lombards, Normans, Angevins and Aragons. From the fifteenth century, the city came under the control of the principles of Taranto. Domination that lasted until the termination of the feudal system, which made Carovigno an independent town. The territory on the town of Carovigno includes a large portion of the coast of Brindisi, characterized by low cliffs, and numerous beaches. The campaign retains its Mediterranean tradition, with ample land and olive trees.